Non-dual View of the Self
Self in the Philosophy of Non duality, Advaita
The Self is the most important idea in the philosophy of non-duality, which is often known by the Sanskrit term Advaita Vedanta.
This is because Self is what we really are in our own true nature. And it is through knowing the Self within that we can discover the deeper reality in all.
The practical side of the non dual teaching is known as Adhyatma Yoga, the way of Self-Knowledge.
In the non-dual view, when we put aside all the thoughts and feelings, everything that passes through the mind, what remains is not nothing, but Self. It is Self that does not change as the body and mind change, and is what gives us the sense of the ‘me’ that endures through time.
This true Self is not anything that is experienced in the mind, it is the light of awareness that illumines all experience. In this sense, the true Self, and pure consciousness, are the same.
The non-dual view of consciousness, or Self, is not of something insubstantial that experiences reality. Self, or consciousness is seen as the fundamental reality in all. It is this identity which makes possible a direct knowledge of Reality through the highest Self-knowledge. This is the non-dual understanding of enlightenment, and the supreme potential of life.
The Sanskrit word for Self is Atman. The cornerstone of the non-dual philosophy is that ultimately Atman and Brahman (the Absolute, Reality), are not different.
To approach and discover the lasting, conscious reality as our own being is the sure way to find inner peace, freedom, fearlessness and fulfilment.
Reason and Experience in the Philosophy of Non-duality
According to Advaita, the validity of all this can be established through reason. And reason exposes the contradictions implied by any view that holds there to be more than one ultimate reality.
But the truth of non-duality cannot be confirmed by reason alone and it is not meant to be accepted only intellectually. The teaching is that Self and Reality can be discovered directly in and as our own being. To reflect on the idea of non-duality is one of the practical steps towards this knowledge. The methods also include meditation and related practices.
In ordinary life, it is our common experience that we give our individual self, our ego, an exaggerated importance. This distorts our outlook and is the root of ‘selfishness’ in the negative sense.
In the light of the philosophy of non-duality, there is an important truth hidden in this feeling that our self is so significant. It is of little help to say that we should be less selfish. The real solution, offered by the non-dual teachings, is to expand our sense of Self to the reality underlying all being. This is what we really are and always will be. It is through this Self-realisation that we become truly selfless, and manifest the highest good of all.
More on related themes:
Discovering Non Duality
If you are doing some regular meditation and reflection on non duality, you are welcome to contact us with any questions about the teachings, or for further suggestions about your practice.